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以编程方式在swift中格式化字符串(Programmatically formatting string in swift)

我有字符串

var arrayWithStrings = ["813 - Crying Flute.mp3", "Ark Patrol - Never.mp3"]

我想得到

var stringTitle1 = "813"
var stringNameOfTrack1 = "CryingFlute"
var stringFormat1 = "mp3"
var stringTitle2 = "Ark Patrol"
var stringNameOfTrack2 = "Never"
var stringFormat2 = "mp3"

如何以编程方式执行?


I have strings

var arrayWithStrings = ["813 - Crying Flute.mp3", "Ark Patrol - Never.mp3"]

I want to get

var stringTitle1 = "813"
var stringNameOfTrack1 = "CryingFlute"
var stringFormat1 = "mp3"
var stringTitle2 = "Ark Patrol"
var stringNameOfTrack2 = "Never"
var stringFormat2 = "mp3"

How to do it programmatically?


原文:https://stackoverflow.com/questions/29592569
更新时间:2020-02-28 15:54

最满意答案

您可以使用正则表达式:

let string = "813 - Crying Flute.mp3"

let regex = try! NSRegularExpression(pattern: "^(.*) - (.*)\\.(.*)$")

if let match = regex.firstMatch(in: string, range: string.nsRange) {
    let title  = string[match.range(at: 1)]
    let name   = string[match.range(at: 2)]
    let format = string[match.range(at: 3)]
}

在Swift 4中的位置:

extension String {

    /// An `NSRange` that represents the full range of the string.

    var nsRange: NSRange {
        return NSRange(startIndex ..< endIndex, in: self)
    }

    /// Substring from `NSRange`
    ///
    /// - Parameter nsRange: `NSRange` within `utf16`.
    /// - Returns: `Substring` with the given `NSRange`, or `nil` if the range can't be converted.

    subscript(nsRange: NSRange) -> Substring? {
        guard let range = Range(nsRange, in: self) else { return nil }

        return self[range]
    }
}

正则表达式()是“捕获括号”以标识子字符串,可以通过range(at:)来标识。


You can use regular expressions:

let string = "813 - Crying Flute.mp3"

let regex = try! NSRegularExpression(pattern: "^(.*) - (.*)\\.(.*)$")

if let match = regex.firstMatch(in: string, range: string.nsRange) {
    let title  = string[match.range(at: 1)]
    let name   = string[match.range(at: 2)]
    let format = string[match.range(at: 3)]
}

Where, in Swift 4:

extension String {

    /// An `NSRange` that represents the full range of the string.

    var nsRange: NSRange {
        return NSRange(startIndex ..< endIndex, in: self)
    }

    /// Substring from `NSRange`
    ///
    /// - Parameter nsRange: `NSRange` within the string.
    /// - Returns: `Substring` with the given `NSRange`, or `nil` if the range can't be converted.

    subscript(nsRange: NSRange) -> Substring? {
        return Range(nsRange, in: self)
            .flatMap { self[$0] }
    }
}

The regular expression's ( and ) are "capturing parentheses" to identify the substrings, that can be identified by range(at:).

2018-12-13

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